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          Rhinoceros Conceived Artificially Born at California Zoo


          31 July, 2019

          A U.S.-based group is reporting the first successful artificial insemination birth of a southern white rhinoceros in North America.

          The announcement came from San Diego Zoo Global, in San Diego, California. It describes the birth as an important step in saving another white rhino species from extinction.

           A day-old southern white rhino calf rests beside his mother, Victoria.
          A day-old southern white rhino calf rests beside his mother, Victoria.

          San Diego Zoo Global said that mother Victoria gave birth Sunday to a healthy southern white rhino male at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park.

          "All of us at San Diego Zoo Global are (happy) with the arrival of this special rhino calf," said Barbara Durrant. She works as the zoo's director of reproductive science.

          Doctors use artificial insemination methods to treat infertility in people and other creatures.

          San Diego Zoo Global reports that scientists gave Victoria a hormone, which caused her reproductive system to release an egg. Next, scientists injected semen from a male southern white rhino named Maoto. His reproductive fluid was collected and frozen before he died.

          Victoria's pregnancy was confirmed in March of 2018. She carried her baby for over a year — 493 days. Mother and baby will be kept away from the public to give them time to form a relationship.

          The calf will eventually meet the other five female rhinos at the Nikita Kahn Rhino Rescue Center. One of the five is named Amani. Scientists expect her to give birth in September or October.

          The new baby rhino "represents a critical step in our effort to save the northern white rhino from...extinction," Durrant said.

          Only two northern white rhinos currently remain on Earth. Both are female. The last male northern white rhino, named Sudan, died in March 2018.

          Scientists collected sperm from Sudan and other males before they died. Now, those scientists hope to use that sperm to help bring back the species.

          Southern white rhinos are a sub-species, or smaller grouping, of northern white rhinos. Scientists say the southern white rhino female will soon be used to carry northern white rhino embryos. Using these processes, researchers believe that a northern white rhino baby could be born within 10 to 20 years.

          Rhinos have long been hunted, and several sub-species are at risk of disappearing forever. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has put the southern white rhino on its Red List of Threatened Species.

          I'm Susan Shand.

          The Reuters News Agency reported this story. Susan Shand adapted it for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

          Write to us in the Comments Section or on 51VOA.COM.

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          Words in this Story

          artificial insemination – n. a medical process in which male reproductive fluid is used to make a woman or female animal pregnant without sex

          species – n.

          extinction – n. the state or situation that results when something (such as a plant or animal species) has died out completely

          hormone – n. a substance produced in a living organisms and transported in tissue fluids

          semen – n. the sticky, whitish liquid that is produced by a male's sex organs

          embryo – n. a human or animal in the early part of development

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